A number of international cooperation organizations, such as USAID, UNPD and the World Bank, subscribed to the idea that the barriers to development were closely tied to problems in the structure of poor country institutions.
They led them to include the issue of corruption in their agenda and the need for institutional reform in order to combat it. Many of these international cooperation organizations created action plans and allocated resources to projects aimed at controlling corruption.
With the advent of globalization, cross-border cooperation gained importance as it became clear that large-scale criminal corruption had adapted rapidly to the globalized International Lawyer Network economy.
The GECD -Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development and the OAS -Organization of American States were among the most important of such organizations.
The DECO developed the Anti-Bribery Convention, focuses mainly on corrupt practices by foreign companies overseas.
The OAS convention, approved at its 1996 Annual Meeting, covers both active and passive corruption, in both the private and public sector, within or outside national borders. These conventions were intended to induce sovereign states to redouble their efforts to prevent, detect, punish and eradicate corruption by creating and strengthening mechanisms for mutual cooperation.
These mechanisms of cooperation between states consist mainly of adopting the same legal definitions of corruption and finding new ways of cooperating on issues of criminal responsibility.
The objective is to put an end to the impunity that results from the gap between the global economy and the limitations of national prosecution authorities. For this reason, the convention needs to be monitored following signing and ratification and this monitoring. from implementation through 10 legislation through to sanctions, is a means of ensuring that the conventions are complied with.
I) Target Audience:
o Members of public servants and NGO’s involved in anti-corruption efforts;
o Researches, lawyers. PhD. postdoctoral fellows have interest in this program;
2) Objectives: Qualification of experts in a fighting corruption;
o Discussion about a new pillar; Criminalization (active bribe; laundering money; embezzlement; misuse influence);
o A global overview capable of making the target audiences to make their own evaluations on filed action;
o These elements will help the professionals as a reflection matter and acknowledgement concepts and targets to reach during their’s careers;
2. 1) Selection Audience:
o A curriculum vitae analysis and profile reflecting an important overview in their active professional responsibilities;
2.2) Case material: